Person Environment Occupation Performance Model PEOP


Spastic hemiplegia, characterized by increased muscle tone and stiffness on one side of the body, often results from a stroke or brain injury. Occupational therapy plays a crucial role in managing this condition by utilizing various researched methods to inhibit abnormal muscle tone and guide the brain in relearning motor patterns. Techniques such as deep breathing exercises help promote relaxation and reduce muscle tension, while deep tendon compression applies firm pressure to specific tendons to encourage muscle relaxation. Weight-bearing activities, such as pushing against a wall or bearing weight through the arms, also promote tone inhibition. Stretching exercises, including passive, active-assisted, and self-stretching, help increase flexibility and reduce muscle stiffness.


Person Environment Occupation Performance Model (PEOP)

PEOP is a strong model to guide your occupational therapy practice

The Person Environment Occupation Performance (PEOP) model is a well-established framework in occupational therapy that emphasizes the complex and dynamic interactions between an individual, their environment, and their occupations. This holistic approach helps therapists understand and address the unique needs of their clients to improve overall performance and quality of life.

Person: The “Person” component considers the individual’s intrinsic factors, including physical, cognitive, emotional, and spiritual attributes. It encompasses a person’s skills, abilities, experiences, and motivations. Occupational therapists evaluate these factors to understand how they influence a person’s capacity to perform daily activities.

Environment: The “Environment” component includes the external physical, social, cultural, and institutional contexts in which a person lives and interacts. It examines how these factors support or hinder an individual’s occupational performance. Occupational therapists assess the home, work, community, and social environments to identify barriers and facilitators to successful engagement in meaningful activities.

Occupation: “Occupation” refers to the meaningful activities and tasks that individuals perform in their daily lives, including self-care, work, leisure, and social participation. These activities are essential for health and well-being. Occupational therapists analyze the specific occupations that are important to the individual and explore how they can be modified or adapted to enhance participation.

Performance: The “Performance” component focuses on the actual execution of occupations within the context of the person’s environment. It looks at how well an individual can perform tasks and activities, considering both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Occupational therapists work with clients to improve their performance through targeted interventions, adaptations, and skill-building.