Alzheimer’s Disease and other Dementia [ADRD]


Dementia is a broad term used to describe a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is not a single disease, but rather a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking, and social abilities. The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease, but there are many other types, including vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia.

People with dementia may experience memory loss, difficulty communicating, and changes in mood and behavior. These symptoms can make it challenging to complete everyday tasks, such as cooking, paying bills, or remembering appointments. While some memory loss and cognitive decline can happen naturally as people age, dementia is more severe and progressive, meaning it gets worse over time.

It’s important to remember that dementia affects each person differently. Some may struggle with memory but maintain other cognitive functions for a while, while others might experience a more rapid decline in various mental abilities.

If you or someone you know is showing signs of dementia, it’s important to seek medical advice. Early diagnosis and support can make a big difference in managing the symptoms and improving quality of life.

Dementia Management in Western New york
Dementia in Buffalo NY - Man experiences memory challenges when at work at a younger age
Hannah DiFrancesco, Michelle Eliason, and Adrianna Brown are located in Buffalo NY

Dementia and

Memory Management

Dementia and memory problems are best managed by a team of experts who understand the brain, the conditions that cause dementia, and how to help improve symptoms. They also teach you how to care for your brain to reduce the effects of dementia and memory loss.

Neurological Management Programs may include:

  • Cognitive Remedial Therapy: Exercises and activities to improve thinking and memory skills.
  • Brain Education: Learning about how your brain works and how to keep it healthy.
  • Home Memory Wellness Program with Follow-Up: A plan to practice memory-boosting activities at home with regular check-ins.
  • Research-Based Facts: Understanding what is true and not true about dementia and memory, based on scientific research.
  • Memory Support Tips: Advice on how to support your memory in everyday life.
  • Red Flags: Warning signs to watch for if you are at risk of memory decline or dementia.

Dementia Symptoms


Memory Loss

Forgetfulness that disrupts daily life, such as frequently losing items, missing appointments, or forgetting important dates and events.

Difficulty understanding time or place, such as getting lost in familiar settings, not knowing the date or season, or struggling to follow a storyline in a book or movie.

Trouble finding the right words, following conversations, or repeating oneself. This might look like having difficulty naming everyday objects or losing track of a conversation.

Unexpected shifts in mood or personality, such as becoming easily upset, anxious, or unusually aggressive. This can also include withdrawing from social activities that were once enjoyed.

Protect your Brain

When you have dementia or are experiencing memory loss, it is critical to take action. Your body will prompt you to recognize these early changes, do not settle for comments like ‘this is just part of getting older’ – be proactive! 

Speak Clearly

Speak clearly and use short, simple sentences. Allow extra time for the person to respond, and reduce background noise during conversations. Using visual aids or gestures can also enhance understanding.

Use Memory Aids

Using calendars, planners, or smartphone reminders can help keep track of important dates and tasks. Labeling common items and creating a designated spot for frequently used objects like keys can also reduce forgetfulness.

Promote a Calm Environment

Maintaining a calm and structured environment can help reduce anxiety and agitation. Engage in regular physical activity, encourage participation in enjoyable activities, and ensure a quiet, comfortable space for relaxation.

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Create Structure

Establishing a daily routine can provide consistency and reduce confusion. Keeping a clock and a calendar in visible places, along with clear signage around the home, can help orient time and place.


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